Native Plants

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Native Shrubs

Scientific NameCommon NameTypeHeightHabitatColorBloom TimeExposureFeatures
Baccharis halmifolia Sea Myrtle, Ground-seltree Evergreen 6-12' Moist soils; flood-plains or along streams White flowers; Dark green foliage Aug.-Oct. Partial shade Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants). Coarse foliage texture. Good for erosion control.
Callicarpa americana Beautyberry Deciduous 6-8' Very drought-tolerant Pink, lilac flowers; Deep Puprle berries in fall March-May Partial sun Low maintenance; year round beauty and food for wildlife; attractive understory landscape plant
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush Deciduous 6-10' Wet areas, with standing water part of the year White June-August Full sun Wetland plant; fragrant flowers attract butterflies and humming-birds; fast growing, short lived
Cyrilla racemiflora Titi SemiEver green 7-15' Moist wetland soils White May-July Full - part sun Great for wet areas; very attractive for natural gardens; excellent screen for retention pond
Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrews Cross SemiEver green 1-3' Dry areas Yellow May-August Partial sun Use along woodland edges. Oblique-cross shape of flowers
Hypericum stans St.
Peter's Wort
SemiEver green 2-3' Moist to average Yellow June-Oct. Full - part shade Attracts bees, butter-flies, and birds.
Ilex cassine Dahoon Holly Evergreen 20-30' Light sandy soil; swamps and boggy areas Red berries in Fall; White flowers (inconspicuous) March-May Full sun - shade Narrow, upward growth habit. Can adapt to drier conditions if watered often. Attracts wildlife through winter; Use as woodland understory or for wet areas.
Ilex glabra Inkberry, Evergreen Winter berry Evergreen 4-8' Moist; tolerates drought White flowers; Black berries in Fall April-May Full - part sun Upright rounded form. Has plum color in winter. Use as foundation shrub, mass planting, or hegding. Good as habitat enhancer or restoration projects. Like boxwoods
Ilex verticillata Winterberry, Black Alder Deciduous 6-15' Average to wet Red berries throughout Winter   Full sun - shade Red berries on females persist into winter and attract birds. Many cultivars. Great as unclipped hedge. Very attractive during winter.
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly Evergreen 20-25' Average to wet; drought and salt tolerant White; red berries through Fall and Winter March-May Full sun - shade Smooth, gray bark. Leathery, dark green leaves. Purple petioles. Use as trimmed hedge, screen or windbreak. Fast growing; small leaves. Attract wildlife. Hardy.
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire Deciduous 3-6' Wet White flowers; Red fall color May-June Full sun - shade Spectacular enduring yellow, orange, crimson fall color
Leucothoe axillaris Leucothoe Evergreen 2-4' Wet, moist areas on coastal plains White; dark green foliage; redgreen to purple Fall foliage April-June Shade - part shade Does not tolerate drought; rejuvenate by cutting to the ground after flowering. Fountain-like arching habit.
Lyonia lucida Fetter Bush Evergreen 3-6' Moist to dry White or pink March-May Full sun - part shade Very showy clusters of flowers in spring. Use in hedges or in mixed shrub plantings. Aromatic.
Myrica cerifera Wax Myrtle SemiEver green 25' Wet swamps to upland woods Yellowgreen on males; blue berries on females Jan.-Feb. Full sun - part shade Dense attratctive foliage, fast growing, responds well to pruning. Aromatic leaves when crushed. Used as tree or shrub. Salt tolerant. Vigorous and easy care. Can be formal or irregular. Aroma repels insects.
Osmanthus americana Wild Olive Evergreen 10-20' Moist to dry; drought-tolerant Creamy white Feb.-April Full sun - part shade Adaptable, slow growing, easy care. Flowers held in showy clusters and have sweet fragrance. Handsome Evergreen foliage. Use in naturalistic settings and wildlife gardens, or in massing as screen.
Rhododendron atlanticum Dwarf Azalea Deciduous 3-6' Moist to average areas Pinkish white; dark green to bluegreen leaves March-April Sun - part shade Slow to moderate growth rate. Repeat blooms. Use as understory
Rhododendron canescens Wild/
Piedmont Azalea
Deciduous 6-15' Moist soils Pink March-May Full sun - part shade Open, loose form. Fragrant, very showy flowers at stem ends. Pistil and stamen curve out beyond corolla. Use in semishady woodland or natural garden, or as specimen shrub. Adds color among Evergreen shrubs.
Rhus copallina Winged Sumac Deciduous 15-20' Very drought-tolerant Greenyellow; Red berries in Fall; Orange red Fall foliage March-April Full sun - part shade Fast growing, short lived. Clusters of flowers appear in spring, summer and fall. Colorful fall foliage. Great for low maintenance or xeriscape garden. Vigorous shrub.
Rosa carolina Wild Rose Deciduous 2-4' Dry areas; roadsides; sandy, open woods Pink flowers; Yellow, orange, red Fall foliage May-June Full - part sun Fruit turns from dark green to bright red as it ripens.
Rosa palustris Swamp Rose Deciduous 4-6' Moist areas; marshes, stream-sides, ditches Pink March-June Full - part sun Beautiful, fragrant flowers. Stout, hooked prickles.
Sambucus canadensis Elderberry Evergreen 5-12' Average to wet; along streams and drainages White; black to dark blue Fall berries April-July Full sun - shade Large shrub or small tree; irregular crown. Showy flower clusters. Aromatic
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush Blueberry Deciduous 6-12' Wet to dry; swamps or dry upland woods Blue berries, White flowers April-July Full - part sun Excellent red fall color; edible fruit. Very important to wildlife. Use for naturalizing landscaping
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty BlackHaw Deciduous 10-15' Dry; drought-tolerant Creamy White; Rich reddish purple Fall foliage March-April Full - part sun Very shiny leaves. Purple to dark blue berries cause branches to droop. Adds wonderful year-round color.

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