Native Plants

Native Large Trees | Native Small Trees | Native Palms | Native Shrubs | Native Flowering Perennials | Native Grasses | Native Vines | Native Ferns |

Native Large Trees

Scientific NameCommon NameTypeHeightHabitatColorBloom TimeExposureFeatures
Acer rubrum Red/Swamp Deciduous 40-60' Moist to dry Spectacular red, orange, and yellow Fall foliage   Full - part sun Numerous varieties for size, fall color, and form. Handsome shade tree; color in different seasons
Acer saccharum Sugar Maple Deciduous 50-70' Average Yellow to red Fall foliage   Full sun Beautiful large shade tree. Winged samaras fall like helicopters; dozens of cultivars; interesting bark
Betula nigra River Birch Deciduous 40-70' Average to wet soils, along streams, ponds, etc. Yellow Fall foliage   Full - part sun Attracts birds. Beautiful peeling bark and attractive foliage. Great for small properties; low mainte-nance.
Carya glabra Pignut Hickory Deciduous 60-80' Dry or moist areas Golden-yellow Fall foliage   Full sun - shade Attracts birds. Irregular, spreading crown. Slow growing. Rich fall color persists into November
Fagus grandifolia Amercian Beech Deciduous 80-90' Moist, well drained soils Yellow and brown in Fall   Full sun - shade Grows shorter but wider in large areas; dense shade and roots keep plants from growing underneath
Gordonia lasianthus Loblolly Bay Evergreen 70' Moist areas White, showy flowers April-July Full sun - partial shade One of south's most attractive trees with Evergreen foliage, showy flowers, and narrow, spirelike crown.
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Poplar Deciduous 70-90' Average Greenish yellow with orange markings; Golden Fall foliage March-May Full - part sun Very important in forest products industry. Smaller cultivar 'Fastigiatum' often used by homeowners. Beautiful form; rapid growth
Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia Evergreen 60-90' Rich, well drained soils; Very drought-tolerant White flowers; Dark glossy green leaves April-June Full sun - part shade Large fragrant white flowers throughout spring and summer. Premier southern landscape tree! Used for streets, framing, shade. Nothing grows underneath.
Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum Deciduous 60-80' Dry or moist areas Scarletred fall color   Full sun - part shade Near swamps and stream edges Used as landscape specimen or shade tree.
Pinus elliottii Slash Pine Evergreen 80-100' Moist, sandy soils     Full - part sun Tall and statley tree. Great for framing.
Pinus palustris Longleaf Pine Evergreen 80-100' Sandy, dry areas     Full sun Slow growing, majestic tree with small, open crown. Similar to slash pine but larger cones and branchlets
Platanus occidentalis Sycamore, American Planetree Deciduous 70-100' Average to wet soils Yellow to brown foliage in Fall   Full - part sun Interesting bark. Large dropped leaves are excessive! One of the largest trees in eastern US.
Quercus alba White Oak Deciduous 60-100' Dry areas Leaves are pinkish in spring, dark green in summer, and red in fall   Full - part sun One of grandest North American trees. Great shade tree. Probably too large and too slow growing for most landscape uses. Whitegreen under leaves
Quercus coccinea Scarlet Oak Deciduous 60-100' Dry areas Scarlet red Fall foliage   Full sun - part shade Very deep leaf lobes with needle endings. Great shade tree with bright red fall color. Attracts wildlife
Quercus falcata Southern Red Oak Deciduous 50-90' Dry areas Dark glossy leaves     Wonderful shade tree in larger landscapes
Quercus phellos Willow Oak Deciduous 50-80' Moist to average Pale yellow in Fall   Full - part sun Low areas. Popular street and shade tree with finetextured foliage. Attracts wildlife.
Quercus stellata Post Oak Deciduous 40-70' Sandy, dry areas; also moist loamy soils of flood plains along streams Brown Fall color; Glossy dark green leaves.   Full - part sun Dense, rounded crown. Wood used for railroad cross-ties, posts, and construction timber. Smaller of the oaks.
Quercus virginiana Live Oak Evergreen 40-60' Moist, well drained soils; Very drought-tolerant Yellowgreen catkin flowers; Dark red-brown bark March-May Full sun - part shade The ultimate southern shade tree! Fast growing, yet long-lived. Broad canopy needs ample space to grow. Great for charcoal cooking.
Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress Deciduous 130' Freshwater wet areas, but also dry soil Rusty brown to red leaves in Fall; Red-gray bark     Produce tapered knees when grown in or near water. Attractive pale green foliage in summer. Good shade tree; very resistant

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